Russia's Deputy PM Says Country Must Shoot for Moon Base
Reuters Science Report
(Reuters) – Russia should set itself the "super goal" of building a large base on the Moon it could use to achieve "leaps" in science and to give a new sense of purpose to its troubled space program, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said recently.
Calling the task "big, prestigious and political", Rogozin said the country's space industry – which has suffered a string of costly and embarrassing failures – urgently needed a tangible stimulus to force it to focus.
"There is a lot of competition among countries in the space sector and so we must have a big super goal that could pull forward science and industry; that would enable the country to escape from the morass of problems, which have kept us captive for the past 20 years," Rogozin told the Vesti FM radio station.
"Why not try to build a big station on the Moon that would be a base for future 'leaps' of science?".
Russia's renewed focus on the Moon may reflect a scaling back of ambition following a string of space failures and comes as other countries – notably China – are eyeing the Moon with greater ambition. Beijing plans to land its first probe there next year even though it still has a long way to go to catch up with space superpowers Russia and the United States.
Scientists have said the Moon may hold reserves of water and suggested various minerals could possibly be mined there.
The Soviet Union put the first satellite and the first man in space, but those glory days are a distant memory. Crimped budgets and a brain drain mean Moscow has long been absent from deep space and its space program appears to be in trouble.
Last year, a Russian mission failed to return samples from the Martian moon Phobos, and the recent failure of a Proton rocket caused the multi million-dollar loss of Indonesia's Telkom-3 and Russia's Express-MD2 satellites.
"We are losing our authority and billions of roubles," Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev told officials at a government meeting last month.
Roskosmos, Russia's space agency, has previously floated the idea of a Moon base – possibly built in collaboration with the United States and Europe – and has also spoken of the option of constructing a space station that would orbit the Moon.
It is planning to send two unmanned missions to the Moon by 2020 and there have been reports that it is weighing a manned mission there too. Russian scientists and cosmonauts have suggested lunar colonizers could take shelter in what they believe is a network of underground caves left by the Moon's volcanic past.
"It's too far and too expensive to Mars," space industry expert Igor Lissov told the state RIA news agency. "We must start with the Moon. We must give ourselves realistic goals."
Rogozin said the Moon project could be a jumping-off point for future deep space projects. Space agency chief Vladimir Popovkin said that Russia would recall the rocket type which caused the multi-million dollar loss of Indonesian and Russian telecom satellites.
Such failures for Russia, which conducts some 40 percent of global space launches, risk undermining its standing in the market, strengthening competitors such as Europe's Ariane rocket.
Reporting By Alissa de Carbonnel; Editing by Andrew Osborn